Palm is a “green gold” for humans on earth. Compared to fossil energy, palm shells are a cheap and sustainable alternative fuel. Its availability is undoubtedly due to the vastness of oil palm plantations in Indonesia
Currently, the demand for electrical energy in Indonesia is increasing as the population increases. Electric energy crisis that occurs due to the depletion of conventional energy sources and many power plants in Indonesia using fossil fuels as the main fuel. The solution can take advantage of alternative energy sources that can be a substitute fuel that is environmentally friendly, effective, efficient and sustainable.
One of the sustainable energy alternatives is from palm biomass. Biomass is mainly from palm oil waste that is shell and palm fiber that has been collected around PKS so it does not require the cost of collection is too large. When managed, palm oil waste can be used as an alternative energy replacement fossil that can be used as fuel in Steam Power Plant / Steam Power Plant.
Studies have proven the use of palm shells as fuel for power generation. Harris et al (2013) examines the Utilization of Solid Waste from Oil Palm Plantations at PLTU in Bangka Belitung. Then Erhaneli and Elsi (2017) conducted a similar study on the Muara Bungo power plant.
Compared to the fuel of oil palm shells, coal and diesel fuel (Syafriuddin and Rio, 2013) for power plants per 10 MWh shows the following interesting points: first, the need for diesel is 648,82 liters or equal to palm shell (1.2 ton) or equivalent to coal (1.3 ton). Secondly, the cost is the cheapest cost of oil palm shell (Rp 762,000) followed by coal (Rp1,334,496,8), and the highest diesel (Rp2.919.690), which means that the shell is the cheapest fuel to produce electrical energy.
Palm is a “green gold” for humans on earth. Compared to fossil energy, palm shells are a cheap and sustainable alternative fuel. Its availability is undoubtedly due to the vastness of oil palm plantations in Indonesia.
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