Demanding HCV and HCS in cultivation areas including palm oil plantations may be mis-addressed
Indonesia is not Europe and the United States. In European countries and North America, at the beginning of its development has spent its forests, both protected forest and conservation forest including its inhabitants. There is no longer any remaining primary forests as well as sub-tropical animals today. If current European and North American countries report having large forests as in FAO statistics, these forests are secondary forests, abandoned agricultural land (Soemarwoto, 1992).
To redeem past “sins,” Europe and North America rebuild their forests including rebuilding High Conservation Value (HCV) and High Carbon Stock (HCS) areas. Although it is good, it is no longer possible to restore what has been lost in the past.
In Western concepts as campaigned by NGOs, the concept of High Conservation Value (HCV) includes HCV 1 (Species Diversity), HCV 2 (Landscape Level Ecosystem and Mosaic), HCV 3 (Ecosystem and Habitats), HCV 4 (Ecosystem Service), HCV 5 (Community Needs) and HCV 6 (Culture Value). The High Carbon Stock (HCS) concept includes HK 3 (High Diversity Forest), HK 2 (Medium Diversity Forest), HK 1 (Low Diversity Forest), BM (Young Scrub), BT (Old Scrub) and LT (Cleared / Open Land).
Indonesia since its inception has long ago classified where deforestable forests are where forests are to be maintained (non deforestable) as HCV and HCS. Forests in which HCS and HCV are in the Forestry Law no. 41/1999 is known as protection forests and conservation forests and in the National Spatial Law (Law No. 26/2007) is in the Protected Area. In the context of Indonesia, the conservation of HCV, HCS and biodiversity already exist in protected forests and conservation forests. In protected forests and conservation are the “homes” of biodiversity such as wildlife, plant and microbial variety, water system functions and overall ecosystem conservation.
Forests that may be converted for development purposes are production forests, especially converted forest forests under certain procedures and are regulated in the forestry laws. Production forests are referred to as land banks as land stocks to meet development needs and populations such as urban areas, settlements, industries, agriculture, plantations, etc. which in the spatial law are referred to as cultivated areas.
Demanding HCV and HCS in the cultivation area including palm oil plantation, wrong address.
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